Facial Fractures

The word “fracture” means “break”. Thus, facial fractures are basically broken facial bones. Facial fractures can occur solely such as a broken nose or in combination such as those occurs in severe motor vehicle accident. Facial fractures can happen due to many reasons such as sporting injuries, falls, motor vehicle crashes. Injuries from gunshot wounds and stabbings can also cause facial fractures.

How is a facial fracture treated?

A facial fracture can be left to treated to heal on its own if you’re broken bone is kept in its normal position. Serious fractures are required to be treated on its own. Few procedures are mentioned below:

  • Closed reduction: In this procedure, the person who is taking care of you moves your broken bones back to their normal position. This is often done when you have a broken nose. An incision is not required in this procedure.
  • Endoscopy: This test makes use of a scope inside your sinuses and eye socket. The scope is a long tube having a lens and light on the end. The scope is placed between the upper gums and lip and into the sinus behind the cheekbone. During an endoscopy, small pieces of broken bone can also be removed. Use of special devices can be used to support the broken bones in your face.

Surgery:

  • Open reduction and internal fixation: During this surgery, caregiver will make an incision over the fracture site. Plates, screws or wires can be used to join the broken facial bones together, which will help keeping the bones to heal faster.
  • Reconstructive surgery: Reconstructive surgery is required to fix areas that are misshaped by an injury. Caregiver will remove the broken facial bones and replace them with a graft. A graft is a healthy bone which is taken from another area of the body or from a donor.

When should I seek immediate care?

Seek care immediately if:

  • You have clear or pinkish fluid draining from your nose or mouth.
  • You suddenly feel lightheaded and short of breath.
  • You have chest pain when you take a deep breath or cough. You may cough up blood.
  • You have numbness in your face.
  • You suddenly have trouble chewing or swallowing.
  • You have worsening pain in your eye or face.

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